The issue of hygiene and safety when storing food in the refrigerator is controversial. If not properly preserved, food not only spoils quickly but also is not hygienic. Learn how to properly store and arrange food in the refrigerator with Huttuscon below!
- 1 1. Why should food be stored in the refrigerator?
- 2 2. Start with cleaning the refrigerator
- 3 3. On which shelf should food be stored in the refrigerator?
- 4 4. 4 ways to preserve food in the refrigerator
- 5 5. How to store leftovers in the refrigerator?
1. Why should food be stored in the refrigerator?
Some foods need to be kept in the refrigerator to slow down the growth of bacteria and keep the food fresher. You will easily find on the information labels of these foods the words “store at 0-4 degrees Celsius”, and “refrigerate”.
2. Start with cleaning the refrigerator
Before carrying out the ways to store food in the refrigerator, you need to make sure that the refrigerator has been thoroughly cleaned. This step helps to remove harmful bacteria in the refrigerator, helping food to be preserved more safely. Learn more about how to clean a clean refrigerator at Huttuscon!
3. On which shelf should food be stored in the refrigerator?
Different compartment areas in the refrigerator have different levels of heat. This difference in temperature plays an important role in helping you know how to organize and perform better refrigerator storage with safe, scientific refrigerator food arrangement Basically, Most current refrigerators are designed with the following compartments:
The shelves in the middle of the refrigerator
The shelves in the middle of the refrigerator are where the temperature is most stable. This is the ideal place for you to store cooked foods, dairy products, butter, and eggs. With each shelf, you should categorize food accordingly to easily control and find when you need it.
As with any type of fresh, uncooked meat or fish, the freezer compartment is the perfect place to store them. However, you need to make sure that raw meat is sealed tightly, to avoid letting them leak water and contaminating other foods.
Refrigerator drawers are the perfect place to store fresh fruits and vegetables. However, first, you need to check if the vegetables and fruits really need to be stored in the refrigerator, to avoid losing space. For example, potatoes can still be stored well at room temperature. As for most vegetables, like carrots, broccoli, cabbage, and celery, it’s a good idea to store them in a plastic bag or container before putting them in the refrigerator drawer. Mushrooms should be stored in paper bags… In addition, you should keep fruits separate from vegetables to prevent them from ripening quickly.
The refrigerator door is the location with the warmest temperature in all shelf areas, so it is very suitable for storing foods and beverages such as cooking spices, fruit juices, chocolates, etc.
Read more: How to defrost the refrigerator freezer
4. 4 ways to preserve food in the refrigerator
1. Separate foods before putting them in the refrigerator
To keep food fresh, you need to first sort food before storing it as follows:
For fresh food (meat, fish, seafood)
First, after buying fresh food, you wash and dry foods such as meat and fish.
Next, you divide each portion of fresh food and put it in a zip bag or food container for convenience. Avoid defrosting large quantities of food at once while you are using only a few, as it will easily affect the quality of the food next time.
Finally, you can put it in the refrigerator (from 2 to 4 degrees Celsius) with a shelf life of 3-5 days, or the freezer compartment (about -18 degrees Celsius) with a shelf life of up to 5 days. 3 months, even up to 12 months, but the sooner you use it, the better!
With vegetables, you should not wash them if you do not need to use them immediately. Instead, remove the waterlogged, wilted parts and absolutely do not let the vegetables get wet!
Then, you divide the vegetables into a moderate amount, then put them in a zip bag or plastic bag (with air holes) and put them in the vegetable compartment of the refrigerator. As this compartment is specifically designed, it maintains optimal temperature and humidity, making vegetables fresher.
In addition, you can place it in any position inside the refrigerator with a temperature of 3 – 5 degrees C with a use time of 2 – 7 days.
For the fruit
When preserving fruits, you should classify them into 2 groups: whole fruits (with skin) and cut fruits (with peeled):
With whole fruit group: You can remove damaged stalks or waterlogged, wilted fruits (such as grapes, longan, litchi, …). After that, you can use a clean dry cloth to clean the surface of the fruit and put it in a zip bag with air holes, and then place it in the refrigerator from 3 to 5 degrees Celsius.
With the group of cut fruits: You should store them in a food container and place them in the refrigerator with an optimal temperature of 3 – 5 degrees Celsius, use as soon as possible with a storage time of 1 – 2 days.
For cooked food
With cooked food, you need to let it cool (about 2 hours) before putting it in a food container, cover it, and place it at a temperature of 2-4 degrees Celsius inside the refrigerator compartment. Because if you put hot food in the refrigerator, it will easily increase the temperature and affect other foods as well as make the compressor work more, affecting the life of the refrigerator.
The shelf life of cooked food should take place in about 3 days and you can divide the amount of food before storing it to make it more convenient to use.
Read more: 10 tips to effectively preserve frozen food
2. Packing food safely
Safe food packaging is also one of the ways to help you maintain the freshness of food. Specifically, you need to classify and prepare food like Huttuscon guided above.
Then you should make sure your hands are clean and only use clean (new) bags before putting food in and sealing it.
Finally, put it in the refrigerator in a suitable location such as the cooler or the freezer. One more thing worth noting, you should store fresh food (such as meat, fish, seafood) in the soft freezer compartment of the refrigerator if you plan to use it for 1-3 days. Because this is a separate compartment with a stable temperature and separate from other foods inside the refrigerator compartment, especially to avoid food odors.
In addition, fresh food can also be placed in the freezer compartment for a longer shelf life of up to several months.
3. Do not put too many items in the refrigerator
Putting too many items inside the refrigerator will affect the cold air circulation, causing the food to be cooled unevenly. This is also the cause of food spoilage and deterioration due to insufficient coldness.
4. Set the right temperature to preserve each type of food
Each food group is stored at the appropriate temperature, for vegetables, are usually stored inside the refrigerator compartment from 1 – 4 degrees Celsius.
While with fresh foods such as seafood, meat and fish can be stored at a temperature of 1 – 3 degrees Celsius (should be used within the day, as soon as possible) or in the freezer at -18 degrees Celsius (with time). longer use time, from 1-3 days).
5. How to store leftovers in the refrigerator?
Throwing away leftovers after each meal is a big waste, especially when the food is still edible. Therefore, knowing how to safely store leftovers is something every housewife should know. The important rule is that you need to let the food cool completely before putting it in the refrigerator. In addition, with each different type of food, you will flexibly apply different preservation methods to ensure optimal food safety in the refrigerator.