Fruit is a delicious and nutritious fruit for everyone. Everyone knows how to buy but does not know how to preserve fresh fruit and is inadvertently wasting money.
Do you agree with me that there have been many times when you had to pour and discard some fruits due to the wrong way of preservation, causing them to spoil and spoil very quickly?
I thought that the way to preserve fresh fruit for a long time would be very complicated and sophisticated. But… actually prolonging the freshness of the fruit is extremely simple.
Fruit like any other fresh food needs to store properly to keep the quality of the fruit.
To know how to preserve fruit for longer, all you need to do now is read the article below and get useful information.
- 1 I. Why is it important to learn how to preserve fresh fruit for a long time?
- 2 II. How to preserve fresh fruit for a long time everyone should know
I. Why is it important to learn how to preserve fresh fruit for a long time?
In a tropical country like ours, fresh fruit is already very diverse and abundant. In addition, the market also has fruit lines imported from abroad according to the needs of consumers. However, fruit is often seasonal, so fruit stalls and fruit shops often sell a variety of different types of fruit depending on the season and the market share they target.
In fact, there are fruits with a long shelf life such as apples, grapefruits, mangoes, oranges, etc. But there are also fruits such as longan, litchi, especially grapes or strawberries, which are very difficult to transport and preserve. storage, the shelf life is only 1-3 days. In order to help the fruit stay fresher, the vendors must memorize the ways to preserve the fresh fruit for sale. Like sellers and buyers, we should also know how to preserve fresh fruits to keep them longer, to avoid damage and waste.
II. How to preserve fresh fruit for a long time everyone should know
1.1 How to store fruit in the refrigerator?
Before putting it in the refrigerator, you need to remove the damaged, overripe fruit, or use a knife to cut the damaged part. You need to use clean knives and cutting boards, to minimize the penetration of bacteria.
The outside of the fruit has a layer of natural antibodies to help protect the fruit against the spread of harmful bacteria, so you should limit the fruit you should wash before putting it in the refrigerator, especially those with thin skin like apple, mango, ….. Usually after washing should be used immediately to ensure quality.
You can use a paper towel to wipe the dirt on the outside of the fruit skin and then put it in the refrigerator.
*Suitable storage temperature
The first thing to keep in mind when storing fruit in the refrigerator is the temperature of the air. Usually, 3-9 degrees Celsius is the most suitable temperature for all fruits and vegetables. This temperature slows down the ripening process of the fruit, preventing the fruit from spoiling quickly after ripening.
Currently, most refrigerators have separate compartments for fruits and vegetables, you just need to put them all in the right compartment to better preserve fruits. If not, you can put it anywhere in the refrigerator but still, make sure it is at the same temperature as above.
Also, when you buy unripe fruit, it’s best not to put it in the fridge right away, as this prevents the fruit from ripening. You need to put the fruit at room temperature to ripen a bit before putting it in the fridge too soon.
*Do not chop and keep the fruit dry before putting it in the refrigerator for storage
The habit of saving time is by washing fruit, pre-cutting it and putting it in the refrigerator, when using it, just take it out and use it, not only saving time but also making the fruit quickly go to the trash. Most fruits and vegetables have a natural protective layer that, if washed, will quickly deteriorate and crush. At the same time, it also causes the fruit to lose the nutrients inside.
In summary, one of the most effective ways to preserve fruit in the refrigerator is not to wash it with water before storing it in the refrigerator, but only to cut off the branches and leaves.
However, there is still a way for you to do this, when you have accidentally cut it, you should store the fruit in the refrigerator with a layer of plastic wrap right away.
*Always cover and cover vegetables when storing fruit in the refrigerator
Few people know that fruit needs 80-95% humidity to ensure inherent freshness, while the humidity in the refrigerator is only maintained at an average of 65%. This causes the fruit to quickly wilt and lose its freshness.
Besides, whether you like it or not, arranging too many fruits in one place is easy to happen, causing the fruit to spoil faster than expected.
Better yet, immediately prepare sealed plastic containers or food wraps and put them all inside carefully so that when storing fruits in the refrigerator, they will avoid bacteria and are always delicious until they are ready to use. use
*Fruit sorting and logical arrangement
Most often, the arrangement of vegetables and fruits is often used in the same area when storing fruit in the refrigerator. But this inadvertently makes one of the two vulnerable. Because these foods, are divided into two groups and are considered ‘reconcile’ each other by Ethylene gas. Specifically:
The kind that can produce Ethylene gas: tomatoes, bananas, papayas, avocados, apples, …
Ethylene-sensitive types: carrots, oranges, lemons, broccoli, lettuce.
In addition, the reasonable arrangement and classification of fruits will make it easier for you to preserve and quickly find the foods you need.
1.2. How long can fruit be stored in the refrigerator by type?
Depending on the type, the shelf life of fruit in the refrigerator will vary. If you apply the right standards, you will be able to preserve the best fruit
Apples: 1 month – Can be stored at normal room temperature without too much impact on quality.
Apricots: 5 days – Best to ripen at room temperature before refrigeration.
Avocados: 5 days (or less) – Ripening can be accelerated by placing in a paper bag for 2-4 days at room temperature before refrigerating
Bananas – Refrigerated bananas whose skins have turned black, but are still edible. If left at room temperature, ripen 3-6 days
Cherry: 3 days – Very perishable, store as dry as possible.
Grapefruit: 2 weeks – Can be stored at room temperature for about a week.
Grapes: 5 days – Store dry, in perforated bags for good air circulation.
Kiwi: 2 weeks – Can be stored at room temperature.
Lemon: 2 weeks – Can be stored at room temperature, but used within 3-4 days. Avoid sunlight.
Mango: 2-3 days – Need to ripen at room temperature before putting in the refrigerator. Green mangoes will ripen within a week at room temperature. For quick ripening, wrap in a paper bag to avoid direct sunlight.
Melon: 5 days (whole fruit) or 3 days (cut) – Very perishable. It is possible to speed up ripening in see-through paper bags.
Oranges: 2 weeks – Store at room temperature for about a week.
Peach: 5 days – Ripening at room temperature can take 2-3 days.
Pears: 5 days – May need to ripen at room temperature before refrigeration. Wrap in paper bags to ripen quickly and out of direct sunlight, which may take 2-3 days.
Pineapple: 4 days – Best used immediately. Store the mesh bag in the refrigerator.
Plums: 5 days – May need to ripen at room temperature before refrigeration. Wrap in paper bags to avoid direct sunlight for faster ripening
Tomatoes: 1 week – Use within a week of purchase. It is best to only put it in the refrigerator when there are signs of near damage.
2.1 How to preserve fresh fruit without refrigeration
* Selection of fruits that do not need a refrigerator to preserve
Preserving fruit without a refrigerator at first glance is not an easy thing because depending on the type, there will be a separate way of preserving food to help the fruit remain fresh until use. So which fruits can be stored outside the refrigerator, and which ones should be avoided?
First, avoid fruit products that have been refrigerated before. Because when stored without refrigeration, the temperature changes, the fruit will quickly spoil. Instead, choose to buy fruit that is displayed just outside of the temperature that would normally have been refrigerated.
When buying, it is necessary to avoid fruits that are in a state such as bruised, bruised, overripe, soft, fallen stems, or rotten. In particular, stay away from fruits when there are fruit flies flying around, this is a sign that the fruit is starting to spoil, so whether you keep the fruit in the refrigerator or not, you still have to quickly put it in. recycle bin.
It is best to choose ripe yellow fruits, hold them firmly in your hand, smell the aroma that is the natural ripe fruit, not ripe.
Do not buy too much because if the storage area is small, it is easy to be crushed when arranging the position during storage. To preserve fruit without a refrigerator for high efficiency, it is necessary to ensure that there is space and good air circulation.
Be gentle when bringing fruit home from the store. This is also an important part, whether the fruit is perishable or always fresh is up to you.
*Wash before storing
After you know the difference and choose the appropriate type to preserve fruit without refrigeration, next you need to perform the fruit washing step. In fact, the cleaning of fruit before use is considered unnecessary by many people because it is not yet the time to need it. However, this thinking is the cause that easily leads to poor quality fruit, which quickly rotten.
Washing fruit in diluted salt water or food cleaning solution, helps the fruit eliminate bacteria and insects, ensuring the safety of users’ health. You need to be careful with your hands and wash them evenly. If using diluted brine, avoid soaking the fruit in the brine solution for more than 5 minutes (the longer you soak, the more degraded the fruit will be).
Finally, let the fruit dry, away from the sun or high temperatures. Do not immediately apply the method of storing fruit without refrigeration until the fruit is completely dry
*Basic notes when storing fruit without refrigeration
Although knowing that many fruits are still very good even at room temperature, to ensure better quality when storing fruit without refrigeration, you also need to note the following basics:
When stacking fruits together, do not pile them on top of each other, because it is easy to cause the fruit to be crushed.
It is necessary to separate the ripe fruit and the raw fruit in two different areas because if kept close together, the unripe fruit will ripen faster than normal.
A plastic box will be a better storage container than a basket. If you still want to use it, you should add a spacer on the bottom of the basket to prevent the fruit from being crushed and peeled.
The fruit storage location should be arranged in a place where it is easy to see and check the fruit daily.
When you see the fruit showing signs of ripening, spoilage, stamping, etc., it should be removed immediately to avoid transmission to the rest.
Absolutely do not wrap the fruit in a plastic bag, this action only makes the fruit ripen faster and spoil faster.
2.2 Popular fruits that can be stored without refrigeration
Whether the fruit is fresh or not, regardless of the refrigerator, as long as you know enough and properly preserved it, the product will always be fresh. List of popular fruits preserved without refrigeration, you should not ignore:
Citrus family: Wash and make sure the fruit is completely dry before wrapping it in the paper, this will help the fruit last a few weeks to a month. Otherwise, the storage time is only about a week to 10 days.
Bananas: Almost ripe bananas cannot be kept longer than 2 days in places exposed to sunlight and high temperatures. At this point, you just need to store bananas in a place away from sunlight to keep them fresh for up to 2 weeks. Or you can use food wrap wrapped around the banana pulp is also an effective way to preserve.
Apples: Storing fruit without the refrigerator will keep apples for up to a month, and remember not to keep them in close contact with citrus (which will cause the apple to overripe) or bananas (which will overripe the banana). If you want to use crispy apples, the refrigerator is still the priority for you.
Mango: Green mango will ripen within a week at room temperature. To ripen quickly, wrap it in a paper bag to avoid direct sunlight.
Avocado: You should use old newspapers to cover the avocados. Cut avocados, cover with cling film to prevent the avocado flesh from being exposed to air.
Grapes: An old newspaper is wrapped around a bunch of grapes, stored at low temperatures to keep grapes fresh for up to 20 days. It is necessary to leave each bunch of grapes separate, not stacked.
Tomatoes: Tomatoes can still be stored outside at low temperatures (below 25 degrees). Thus, tomatoes will take longer to ripen and be sweeter than those stored in the refrigerator. Note that tomatoes should not be stacked on top of each other.
The above is a summary of tips to preserve fresh fruit for a long time, while not losing the necessary nutrients. Hopefully, the above information will help you have more useful information about how to preserve food in your kitchen.